Friday, June 23, 2017

Preparing for Surgery


Dr Max Izbicki Chicago Il OB/GYN provides comprehensive obstetric and gynecologic care in Chicago including a wide range of gynecologic surgeries and procedures. Outpatient surgery, also called ambulatory or same–day surgery, does not require an overnight stay in the hospital, meaning that you can go home the same day if your condition is stable. You will need someone to drive you home. Outpatient surgery may be done in a hospital, health care provider’s office, surgical center, or clinic. Inpatient surgery takes place in a hospital and requires an overnight stay. Nurses will assist your doctor during surgery, perform special tasks, and help make you more comfortable. A resident or fellow may help during your surgery. The anesthesiologist is the person who is in charge of giving anesthesia and checking its effects. 


If you smoke, try to stop smoking before your operation. General anesthesia affects the normal function of your lungs. If you are taking medication, ask if you should keep taking it before or after the operation. Make sure your doctor knows all of the medications you are taking, including those that have been prescribed for you and those that are bought over-the-counter, such as vitamins, herbs, or other supplements. If you have diabetes, controlling your glucose levels before surgery may improve healing.


Steps may be taken to help prevent deep vein thrombosis. You may be given special stockings to wear, or inflatable devices may be put on your legs. You will be taken to an area to wait until the surgical team is ready for you. An anesthesiologist will discuss which type of anesthesia you will receive during the operation. An intravenous (IV) line may be placed into a vein in your arm or wrist. You may be given medication to help you relax. You also may be given antibiotics to reduce the risk of infection.


After you have been taken into the operating room, you will be moved to the operating table. Monitors will be attached to various parts of your body to measure your pulse, oxygen level, and blood pressure. A final review of medical records and tests may be done. If you are having general anesthesia, it will be given through your IV line. After you are asleep, a tube called a catheter may be placed in your bladder to drain urine.


Once the operation is over, you will be moved into the recovery area. Many patients feel groggy, confused, and chilly when they wake up after an operation. You may have muscle aches or a sore throat shortly after surgery. These problems should not last long. As soon as possible, your nurses will have you move around as much as you can. You may be encouraged to get out of bed and walk around soon after your operation. You may feel tired and weak at first. The sooner you resume activity, the sooner your body’s functions can get back to normal.

Tuesday, April 4, 2017

Breast feeding


Dr. Max Izbicki DO Chicago IL OB/GYN cares for pregnant patients from the first prenatal consultation through the delivery and beyond and supports breast feeding. Exclusive breast feeding is recommended for the first 6 months of a baby's life. Breastfeeding is best for the following reasons: Breast milk has the right amount of fat, sugar, water, protein, and minerals needed for a baby's growth and development. As the baby grows, the breast milk produced by the body changes to adapt to the baby's changing nutritional needs. Breast milk is easier to digest than formula. Breast milk contains antibodies that protect infants from certain illnesses, such as ear infections, diarrhea, respiratory illness, and allergies. The longer your baby breastfeeds, the greater the health benefits. Breastfed infants have a lower risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Breast milk can help reduce the risk of many of the short-term and long-term health problems that babies face.

Breastfeeding is good for both mother and baby for the following reasons: Breastfeeding triggers the release of a hormone called oxytocin that causes the uterus to contract. This helps the uterus return to its normal size more quickly and may decrease the amount of bleeding after giving birth. Breast-feeding may make it easier to lose weight gained during pregnancy. Breastfeeding may reduce the risk of breast cancer and ovarian cancer.

Drinking caffeine is moderate amounts (200 mg a day) most likely will not affect the baby. Newborns and preterm infants are more sensitive to caffeine's effects. Consume a lower amount of caffeine in the first few days after birth or if breastfeeding a preterm baby. Wait at least 2 hours after an occasional, single, alcoholic drink to breastfeed. The alcohol will leave your bloodstream - there is no need to express and discard your milk. Drinking more than two drinks per day, especially on a regular basis is not recommended.

Most medications are safe while breastfeeding. Although medications can be passed through the milk. However, the levels are usually very low. The latest information about medications and their effects on breastfed babies can be found at LactMed a database of scientific information, at www.toxnet.nim.nih.gov/newtoxnet/lactmed.htm

Monday, January 23, 2017

Treatment of Infertility

Dr. Max Izbicki Chicago Il OB/GYN provides comprehensive obstetric and GYN services including evaluation and treatment of infertility. Infertility is defined as not having become pregnant after 1 year of having regular sexual intercourse without the use of birth control Infertility can be caused by a number of factors due to the woman or the man’s body. Treatment options depend on the cause of your infertility. Several different treatments may be combined to improve results. Infertility often can be successfully treated even if no cause is found. In many cases, it is important for patients to lose weight, exercise, quit smoking, or stop using marijuana in addition to other treatments. In some cased surgery may be needed to repair blocked or damaged fallopian tubes.

Abnormal levels of hormones can cause irregular ovulation or lack of ovulation. For example, polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition in which the levels of certain hormones are abnormal and menstrual periods are irregular or absent. It is a common cause of infertility. The drug most commonly used for ovulation induction is clomiphene citrate. About 40% of women achieve pregnancy with the use of this drug within six menstrual cycles. If this medication is not successful, stronger medication called gonadotropins may be used.Twins occur in about 10% of women treated with clomiphene citrate. Triplets or more are rare. The risk of multiple pregnancy is higher when gonadotropins are used.

In intrauterine insemination, a large amount of healthy sperm is placed in the uterus as close to the time of ovulation as possible. It often is used with ovulation induction. The woman’s partner or a donor may provide the sperm. Sperm that has been retrieved earlier and frozen also can be used. The likelihood of twins and higher multi-fetal gestations are higher when this is done.

In IVF, sperm is combined with the egg in a lab, and the embryo is transferred to the uterus. IVF is done for the following causes of infertility: Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes that cannot be treated with surgery, some male infertility factors, severe endometriosis, premature ovarian failure, unexplained infertility. In vitro fertilization is done in cycles. It can take more than one cycle to succeed. The sperm may come from your partner or from a donor. Sperm can be retrieved and then frozen for later use in IVF. Ovulation usually is induced with gonadotropins so that many eggs are produced. The egg also may come from a donor. Eggs that have been previously frozen can be used.
Eggs are removed from the ovaries when they are mature. Healthy sperm then are added to the eggs in the lab. The eggs are checked the following day to see if they have been fertilized. A few days later, one or more embryos are placed in your uterus. The embryo may come from a donor. Healthy embryos that are not transferred can be frozen and stored for later us.

Friday, October 7, 2016

Post Partum sterilization


Dr. Max Izbicki Chicago Il OB/GYN provides a full spectrum of obstetric and gynecologic care, including postpartum sterilization. Sterilization is a permanent method of birth control. Sterilization for women is called tubal sterilization. In tubal sterilization, the fallopian tubes are closed off or removed. Tubal sterilization prevents the egg from moving down the fallopian tube to the uterus and keeps the sperm from reaching the egg. Women who have just given birth are eligible for a special type of sterilization that can be done the same day or the day after the birth called post partum sterilization. After a woman gives birth, the fallopian tubes and the uterus are still-enlarge and are located just under the abdominal wall below the navel. For women who have had a cesarean delivery, it is done right after the baby is born. For women who have not recently given birth a different technique is utilized.

For women who have had a vaginal delivery, post partum sterilization is performed by making a small incision in the abdomen (a procedure called minilaparotomy). For women who have had a c-section, postpartum sterilization can be done through the same abdominal incision that was made for delivery of the baby. The fallopian tubes are brought up through the incision. The tubes are cut and closed with special thread or removed completely. The incision below the navel is closed with stitches and a bandage.

Patient’s feel no pain during the procedure. The type of anesthesia used for the delivery can be used for postpartum sterilization. Types of anesthesia used include epidural, spinal, and general anesthesia. Medication is given to keep patients in minimal pain afterward. The operation takes about 30 minutes. Having it done soon after childbirth usually does not make your hospital stay any longer.

In general, sterilization is a safe form of birth control. It has a low risk of complications. The most common complications are those that are related to general anesthesia. Other risks include bleeding and infection. Side effects after surgery vary and may depend on the type of anesthesia used and the way the surgery is performed. Dizziness, nausea, shoulder pain, abdominal cramps a gassy or bloated feeling are common side effects but are usually minor.

You should avoid making this choice during times of stress (such as during a divorce). You also should not make this choice under pressure from a partner or others. Research shows that women younger than 30 years are more likely than older women to regret having the procedure. If there are serious problems or complications with the baby, you may want to think about postponing postpartum sterilization. If you choose to have sterilization and you change your mind after the operation, attempts to reverse it may not work. After tubal sterilization is reversed, many women still are not able to get pregnant. Also, the risk of problems, such as a such as a tubal pregnancy, is increased. Finally, long acting reversible contraceptives are an alternative to sterilization.

Preparing for Surgery

Dr Max Izbicki Chicago Il OB/GYN provides comprehensive obstetric and gynecologic care in Chicago including a wide range of gynecologic s...